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How to Identify a Female Seed?

How to Identify a Female Seed

Although nowadays most companies get their feminized seeds from a cannabis seed company, that doesn’t mean that growers don’t have to recognize small differences between the seeds.

Identifying a quality female seed is very important as you have to differentiate the seeds sold by one company from the seeds from another.

Having quality seeds should be the focal point of any marijuana grower. Otherwise, you will never have high-quality products that can compete in the global market.

Experienced growers will always suggest that you start with high-quality strains. Even if you have the perfect growing conditions for marijuana, that doesn’t mean you should neglect the importance of using good seeds. Bad choice of seeds can seriously diminish your yield.

One of the easiest, quickest tips we can give you is to always buy from premium cannabis stores. But, you also need to properly identify a female seed.

Here is how to do it!

Main features of feminized seeds

If you want to be an elite weed grower, first, you have to differentiate cannabis seeds from all the other seeds. You should especially focus on the features that can tell you more about the quality of seeds.

 Although this is the necessary knowledge, that doesn’t mean you will quickly attain it. The majority of cannabis producers rarely have contact with the seeds. They will order them prior to harvest, put them into the ground, and that would be the end of it.

Only when you have the opportunity to observe the seeds on a daily basis can you notice the small differences. 

It might take a while until you learn how to identify the quality of marijuana seeds.

Here are the main features to look out for:

  • Color – A good cannabis seed has a very dark color. It will have some shades of gray, brown, or black. They will also have spots or stripes. Keep in mind there are some differences between Indica seeds and Sativa seeds. Generally speaking, Sativa strains are much more plain, while you can expect stripes on Indicas. If a seed it white or green, this is a good sign that they’re not ready. They are not ripe, and they will not germinate if you put them into a ground
  • General appearance – If you never saw a cannabis seed, it might be a bit hard to explain its shape. They are very similar to peanuts without their big shell. They are oval and rather small. The feminized cannabis seeds are ready for planting when they get a nice symmetric shape. If a seed is asymmetric, it means that it hasn’t finished its development
  • Outer layer – The shell can tell you a lot about the quality and ripeness of marijuana seed. Once the shell is strong enough to withstand pressure, you will be able to plant it. If a shell cracks easily, this means that it wasn’t ready, to begin with. As we already mentioned, good seed will have the proper form. It also shouldn’t have any cracks or imperfections. If it has an anomaly, this is a good sign that it won’t be able to bear plants. Lastly, the outer layer should be smooth on touch

Make sure that you always check the seeds by yourself. Not only will you gain experience, but it will also help you determine whether they’re of good quality or not.

Checking the seeds is especially important if you’ve just changed a cannabis seed provider.

Determining the quality

Getting basic information is just the beginning; you also have to determine the seeds’ quality. Always remember that the looks isn’t everything.

Even if the seeds are ripe, that doesn’t mean they will turn into big, healthy plants. Oftentimes, the seed companies will freeze their products, which will affect their quality once they reach the end-user.

So, you will have to perform several tests before you start growing them.

  • Floating – A lot of experts will suggest that you start by performing a germination test. However, we like to go with the float test. It is much easier and should provide better results. Basically, all you have to do is take a glass of water and put a cannabis seed into it. Depending on how the seed behaves, you can establish if it’s of a low-quality or of a high-quality. The seeds that stay afloat can be considered as bad and vice versa. The only drawback of this method is that you will need to use the seeds as soon as you’ve finished the test. Once soaked, they cannot be placed back in storage, or they will rot
  • Germination – Another good way of testing the quality of a female seed is by performing germination. The principle is simple: if a seed germinates within 5 days, it is good, and if it doesn’t, it is bad. But, you don’t get any additional information from this test. For example, you won’t be able to tell if the seeds are of high-quality, and you won’t be able to determine their sex. You don’t have to be an expert to germinate the cannabis seeds. Just put them into the soil at approximately one-quarter of an inch depth. Just make sure that the root is properly isolated when the test is over. It is very fragile, so you will have to be extra careful. You can also perform germination by putting seed on a folded wet paper towel. Make sure that the towel is not too wet; it just has to be moist
  • Buying from the right supplier – We cannot emphasize this point enough and yet, it seems that we’re constantly getting back to it. If you want to have high-quality feminized seeds at your disposal, you need to buy them from a reputable marijuana seed bank. Luckily, there are lots of ways of differentiating a good company from a bad one. You just have to browse Google or one of the social media to get enough info about an organization. There are lots of online reviews that will guide you as you look for the best alternative. Keep in mind that this industry can be a bit deceiving. It is a relatively young business, which means that being new doesn’t necessarily mean being bad. There are a lot of small, up-and-coming cannabis companies that can sell you premium cannabis items.

Some additional tricks

At this point, you should be able to identify feminized seeds and, more importantly, to identify seeds of a high-quality. Before we let you go, there are a few more tips, tricks, and information that you need to keep in mind when it comes to weed seeds.

  • Do cannabis seeds have an expiration date?

Every company and grower store their cannabis seeds. As mentioned in the article, it is also very common for seed companies to freeze their seeds until a further date. But, no matter how well you store them, there is a chance they will lose their viability. Freezing is a great method, but unfortunately, it can affect the quality of the seeds. Your storage space requires perfect conditions as you will need to control the lights, temperature, and humidity

  • Can I use old seeds?

Generally speaking, you can use seeds for about 3 to 10 years. This is if you store them properly. But, with time, their germination capability will fall through the roof. The more you wait, the bigger chances of failure. Older seeds also need more time to germinate, which is why the germination test can be deceiving. It is much better if you rely on the float test. Given their age, you will have to stay close to the seeds. They shouldn’t be soaked for too long. So, make sure to remove them from water and plant them, as soon as you get your answer

  • How to tell seed’s sex?

Determining the pot seed’s sex is virtually impossible. The only way to establish this is by putting them into the ground and waiting for a plant to sprout out. A seed is completely the same regardless of their sex. This is precisely why a lot of growers prefer buying feminized seeds; there is no need to sweat about a thing


Today, companies that are working in agriculture tend to simplify things. Mechanization and globalization have given us a lot of advantages.

However, that doesn’t mean you should neglect the basics. Learning about cannabis seeds is the basic knowledge you need to attain if you wish to become an elite cannabis grower.

This article will definitely give you a good starting point!

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