There is nothing better than growing marijuana by yourself! Like with any other plant, this gives you the freedom to experiment. At the end of the day, it is quite rewarding to consume something that you’ve grown with your own two hands.
This is why outdoor weed growing is an excellent option if you’re doing it for the first time. Not only are you able to mitigate potential risks and mistakes, but you’re also able to generate the first harvest without too many resources.
Growing marijuana outside misconceptions
When talking about outdoor marijuana growing, most people imagine a big cannabis plantation bathed in sunlight.
But, you don’t really need that much space, to begin with. You can start growing marijuana in your backyard! As long as you have enough sunlight, your plants will be able to thrive.
In this ultimate guide, we will reveal how to grow marijuana outside.
Without further ado, let’s get to it!
Weather is the number one factor
Like with any other plant, the climate is the first thing you need to consider. Generally speaking, marijuana is not a demanding plant, but it still requires some basic conditions.
The ideal temperature for your plants is somewhere between 55 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature is too high, marijuana will stop growing. On the other hand, if the temperature goes below this threshold, the plants will get damaged and die out. You require a nice, predictable summer to grow these pot plants properly.
You will also need to consider other climate factors besides the temperature. For example, wind and rain can completely ruin your harvest. Too much humidity is also an issue as it can lead to mold. There are certain plants that can survive even extreme weather, but keep in mind that most marijuana growers in the US avoid growing these particular strains.
You will also have to consider how the length of the day affects marijuana. As already mentioned, sunlight is the first major factor that has to be considered. Shorter days can stunt plants’ growth, which is something you don’t really need.
Keep in mind that different cities and areas have different sunlight availability. It is best if you learn more about your region’s climate before proceeding with marijuana growing. Sunlight is very crucial as it allows the plants to “wake up.” In other words, it helps them go from vegetative state to flowering.
Planning the space
If your region has the right climate, you are ready for the next stage of outdoor marijuana growing.
Although this step might seem easy (you just put the seeds in available spot, right?), there are certain things you need to consider.
Keep in mind that it’s not about the size of space per se. Instead, you need to think about the impact of environmental factors. The first thing you need to check is if your plants will get enough sunlight in this position.
Midday is the most crucial part of the day for marijuana. As the Sun is in its zenith, it will get the most quality sunlight. As the year progresses and you reach autumn, there will be less sunlight, thus triggering the flowering stage.
The wind is another thing that can help your plants but also cause issues. For example, mild wind can be great for cooling off marijuana. However, if it’s too windy, your cannabis will get damaged. Depending on the strength of the wind, you might wish to consider adding some artificial barriers that will prevent its direct impact on marijuana.
Although your space planning has to revolve around environmental factors, there is another major consideration – security.
We don’t have to teach you about all the potential issues that marijuana brings. If you’re growing cannabis illegally (which we suggest you avoid), it is imperative to conceal your plants from the neighbors. Thieves are a much more real danger. Although marijuana is not as dangerous or expensive as some other psychoactive plants, there will always be people who want to steal them for profit or consumption.
Things can even get nasty if you catch them red-handed. So, make sure to prevent such situations. You might even consider getting a dog who will protect your marijuana garden or perhaps some other security system. Then again, it all depends on how big of a crop you have and if this investment is necessary.
What kind of strain do you want to grow?
There are numerous genetic differences between marijuana strains. From the taste, growing speed, resiliency, popularity, price on the market, there are lots of different things that you need to consider as a pot grower.
If you’re an outdoor producer, it is essential to prioritize strains that will grow well in your specific climate. While you can always try new things, don’t expect good yields if you choose strains that don’t do well in your region. The best way to figure out which plant is right for you is by researching a region’s history of cannabis growing. You can also ask other producers or simply check the most common products in the local marijuana dispensaries.
You will also need to decide whether you wish to grow seeds or weed clones.
If you choose seeds, keep in mind that they are more hearty then clones. All you need to do is place seeds in the ground and watch your babies grow. You are able to use seeds even during the spring or in humid climates. Unfortunately, there are specific issues you need to consider.
For example, you don’t know what you’re going to get. The companies package male and female seeds together, which is why you might end up with lots of unusable seeds. Always remember that only female seeds can be used! Ideally, you should buy a pack of feminized seeds. This is especially important if you’re new to marijuana growing.
Another option at your disposal is autoflowering seeds. They are pretty awesome for cannabis outdoor growing as they will start blooming regardless of outside factors. Unfortunately, they provide less yield compared to traditional seeds.
Think about the soil
Like with any agricultural specie, you need to consider the quality of the soil before planting seeds.
The weed growers have two options: you can either place the seeds directly into the soil or put them in pots.
It is very important to have good, rich soil with lots of organic matter. You will also need proper drainage. This is especially true for people who want to grow marijuana for a longer period of time.
It is better to avoid planting marijuana in heavy clay. It is really troublesome due to its inability to hold oxygen or drain water. There are certain ways to go about things, but this might be too much for newbie cannabis growers.
Sandy soil is better for drainage. You can work it easy, and it heats up rather quickly. Unfortunately, it isn’t nutrient-rich as some other types of soil. This can pose a problem as your plant will not get the necessary substances needed to grow. Like with heavy clay, you can work around this by digging holes where you will place compost, thus binding the soil.
The last type of soil we need to mention is silty soil. It is the best alternative to these three. You can easily work it; it has a lot of nutrients; it is good for drainage, etc. Furthermore, you won’t have to invest the same amount of work as you would with the other two soils.
If you want to make sure you have the right soil, you should get it tested. That way, you will be able to make a better calculation and decide whether this is the right thing for you.
You will need fertilizer
As we previously mentioned, the quality of soil is crucial for a good harvest. There are various features that make a soil good, but one stands above all – the overall amount of nutrients.
If you don’t have enough potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus, don’t expect a huge yield. This is precisely why growers need to rely on fertilizers. Keep in mind that you will also have to consider the type of soil in your backyard. Heavy clay and sandy soil cannot function without fertilizers, while silty soil is less dependent on them.
The great thing is that there are specific products that can work well for cannabis. You can find these marijuana fertilizers in online marijuana shops. However, keep in mind they are usually more expensive than your regular fertilizers used for vegetables. Another major issue with cannabis fertilizers is that they can damage soil bacteria due to certain substances.
Additional considerations when growing marijuana outdoors
Of course, it would be too simple if this was the end of the story. There are lots of different things that marijuana growers have to keep in mind during a cannabis harvest.
Even though the indoor growing of pot is more expensive, it provides a controlled environment. You don’t have that luxury when you’re growing cannabis outdoors. Instead, you have to invest some extra time and effort so you can counter environmental factors.
Here are some other things you will need to pay attention to:
Needless to say, your plants will need enough water. This is especially true in arid environments. You can also get a system that will water your plants, but this might be a big investment for first-time marijuana growers. Of course, too much water can also pose a problem leading to mold.
Temperature spikes can cause major issues. Unfortunately, it is something we cannot control, especially during early fall or late spring. But, what you can do is create a greenhouse. With minimal effort, you can provide enough protection so that your marijuana plants can survive these weather changes.
Wind can cause a lot of damage to your crop. Even if it doesn’t break the branches, it still weakens the plants. Make sure to get enough barriers so that wind doesn’t have a disastrous impact. Like with temperature, a greenhouse can provide a good solution to this potential issue.
One of the hardest things to control is pests. Unlike climate conditions that you can circumvent with technology, pests are a completely different story. Even small animals such as rabbits can completely ruin your crop. Although you are able to wall off certain animals, there is little you can do with insects. So, how do you address this issue? By keeping your plants healthy. More vigorous plants will have higher resilience. You can also try with organic pesticides and beneficial insects.
Growing cannabis outdoors can be quite challenging. It is a lot of work for people who have little to no experience with agriculture. Although every beginning is hard, it also brings certain satisfaction. Even if things don’t go your way, don’t quit on your project. Instead, you should wait for the next crop and restart the process.
You will definitely have a head start with these growing marijuana outdoor tips. But, the tips themselves are not enough. It is also a question of will. If you’re willing to invest enough time, you will be able to eliminate specific issues before they occur. Make sure to be proactive and do everything in your power to give your plants a good chance.
If you need additional tips, you can always contact our online team! Make sure to visit our online shop while you’re here!