If you’re growing plants, you need to know everything possible about germination.
It is one of the crucial processes during which a new plant starts growing from a seed.
Before you even start thinking about germination or plant growth, you will have to find the right seeds. Keep in mind they can vary in quality producing various strains of the plant. Most growers procure their seeds from online seed banks. US producers usually buy their seeds from European companies.
Like with weed, marijuana seed laws vary from country to country. In some places, it is completely legal to buy and sell them. But, if we were to generalize it, this is still a gray zone.
One of the most important things to remember is that you need to buy mature seeds. They should have a dark brown color with a bit harder feeling to them. Make sure to avoid seeds that are really green and soft. This is a good sign that they are far from being ready.
Before you start using them, make sure to allocate enough space. Marijuana plants will grow big, so you will have to consider that.
The best way of germinating cannabis seeds
Although germination can be a really straightforward process, there are ways to improve its efficiency and get better results. Basically, germinating marijuana is very similar to germinating other plants. You will have to rely on natural elements such as water, the right temperature, as well as air.
The best way to go about things is by using a paper towel that has previously been soaked in distilled water. You will also need two clean plates.
- Soak four sheets of paper towels with water, but make sure that water does not run off.
- Place two of those sheets on a plate.
- Place two cannabis seeds on them, making sure they are at least an inch apart from one another.
- Cover the seeds with remaining paper towels.
- Place another plate on top to cover it up (for darkness and protection).
- Keep them in warm space, preferably on the temperature of 70-90°F.
- If sheets start to lose water and if seeds seem dry, soak them a bit more so that they are moist enough.
- Your seeds are ready when they start seeding splits, and a single sprout appears. That can happen in one or in a few days.
- Those splits are your future tap roots. In order for them to become the main stem for your cannabis plant, keep the area around it sterile (which means you should not touch seeds or the taproot while they are splitting).
How to transplant germinated seeds
When your seeds have grown enough, it is time to transplant them into pots so that they keep growing in the best possible manner. This process is rather easy, as the process of seeding them. For it, you will—in addition to your seeds—need the pots, potting soil, a pair of tweezers, and a pencil (or a pen).
You might want to start from small pots and change them when your plants grow bigger in size. We recommend using two-inch pots, as they have the best size suitable for a young cannabis plant.
- Fill your pots with soil and make sure that it is airy and loose.
- Using a pencil or a pen, poke a small hole in the middle. It should be about a quarter of an inch deep.
- Gently lift the seeds with a pair of tweezers and drop them in the hole. Make sure that the taproot is facing down.
- Cover with just a bit of soil.
- You can water the soil by using spray bottles. They are ideal for keeping the soil moist enough while preventing overwatering of the soil.
After you have finished planting your germinated seeds, all you have to do is pay attention to keeping the right temperature and adequate moisture level. Some seeds will begin to thrive quickly, while others will take a longer time to grow. Also, duds are always a possibility even if you have done everything right.
However, if you have followed all the steps above, you will be able to see small seedlings popping from your pots in about a week.
It is important to acknowledge that you should always keep some of the plants to clone them later or breed them with other strong sorts if you wish to create a seed bank for future use.