What Is Marijuana?
Marijuana may be a shredded, green-brown mixture of dried flowers, stems, and leaves from the plant marijuana. A stronger sort of marijuana, called hashish (hash), seems like brown or black cakes or balls. The quantity of THC (the active ingredient) in marijuana and marijuana products has increased greatly over the years.
Marijuana is typically rolled and smoked sort of a cigarette (joints or doobies), or put in hollowed-out cigars (blunts), pipes (bowls), or water pipes (bongs). Recently, it’s become increasingly popular for people to inhale marijuana or stronger marijuana extracts employing a vaporizer (called “vaping” or “dabbing”). Some people mix it into food or brew it as a tea.
There is also “synthetic marijuana” — manmade drugs that are chemically almost like THC — which will be dangerously strong. Names for these drugs include “K2,” “Spice,” and “Herbal Incense.” they will be so potent that overdose deaths have happened.
The main active chemical in marijuana is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol). When someone smokes marijuana, THC goes from the lungs into the bloodstream. From there, it finishes up within the brain and other organs.
THC connects with a receptor on nerve cells within the brain. The marijuana “high” results from THC’s effects on the nerve cells that control sensory perception and pleasure.
THC also connects with receptors on nerve cells in other parts of the brain that affect thinking, memory, coordination, and concentration. This will cause unwanted side effects, including:
- trouble thinking and problem solving
- problems with memory and learning
- loss of coordination
- distorted perception
These side effects are temporary, but they will make it dangerous to try to things like drive while under the influence of marijuana.
People also might notice other short-term side effects of using marijuana, such as:
- an increased appetite
- feeling lightheaded or drowsy
- a decrease in inhibitions
Research has found that folks who use marijuana over an extended period of your time can have more lasting side effects. For example:
Changes within the brain. Marijuana can affect the parts of the brain that play a task in our ability to recollect, multitask, and concentrate.
Fertility issues. Animal studies suggest that employing a lot of marijuana could be linked to decreased sperm count in men and delayed ovulation in women. Pregnant women who use marijuana could be more likely to possess babies with developmental and behavioral problems.
Respiratory problems. People that smoke marijuana tons can develop problems with the systema respiratorium — like more mucus, a chronic cough, and bronchitis.
Immune system problems. Using marijuana tons might make it harder for the body to repel infections.
Emotional problems. People that use tons of marijuana are more likely to mention they notice signs of depression or anxiety. If someone features a condition like schizophrenia or manic depression, marijuana can sometimes make symptoms worse.
Here are a couple of ways marijuana use could affect you:
Criminal charges. Marijuana laws are often confusing. Some states are changing their laws to form it legal to possess small amounts of marijuana in some situations (like when it’s prescribed for medical use). Some have even made recreational use of marijuana by adults (over 21) legal. But there are conflicting federal laws against using, growing, or selling marijuana — and other people caught with it could face charges, including jail time.
Career problems. People charged under marijuana laws may find yourself with criminal records that hurt their plans for school or finding employment.
Drug testing. Lately, employers often test for drug use as a part of the hiring process. Marijuana can show abreast of a drug test for several weeks after it had been last used. So people that use marijuana may find they do not get employment they need. Some companies do routine drug tests on employees, so people that use marijuana can lose their jobs.
Medical Use of Marijuana
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved pills containing THC or other cannabinoids (chemicals almost like THC) as how to assist relieve pain, nausea, muscle stiffness, or problems with movement. There’s still tons of dialogue about the medical use of marijuana, though. THC and other cannabinoid pills are only available in some states and need a doctor’s prescription.
At the instant, there’s not enough research to mention needless to say if smoking marijuana is any longer helpful than taking THC or other cannabinoids as a pill. Scientists are still studying this. If I would like to Quit?
People who use marijuana for a short time can have withdrawal symptoms once they attempt to provides it up. They’ll feel irritable, anxious, or depressed; have trouble sleeping, or not desire to eat.
Marijuana withdrawal is often a touch like caffeine withdrawal: It’s always worse each day or two after someone stops using marijuana. Then, withdrawal symptoms gradually decrease. They’re usually gone every week or two after the person does not use the drug.
Marijuana is often addictive. About 1 in 10 people that use the drug regularly can develop a “marijuana use disorder.” These people can’t stop using marijuana albeit it causing problems in their lives. This is often far more likely to happen in people that start using marijuana before age 18.
If you or someone you recognize wants to prevent using marijuana but has trouble quitting, it can help to speak to a counselor. Studies suggest that a mixture of individual counseling and group psychotherapy sessions is that the best approach for stopping marijuana use.